Australia's energy and resources export earnings to hit record $214 billion

By Dale Benton
Australia is undergoing something of a “mini mining boom” a new report has revealed, following a huge increase in estimated export earnings from the...

Australia is undergoing something of a “mini mining boom” a new report has revealed, following a huge increase in estimated export earnings from the LNG and resources sectors.

A new report from the Federal Government’s Office of the Chief Economist, the estimated export earnings for the financial year looks set to hit $214 billion.

This record high has been driven by growing LNG and iron ore export volumes. In 2018–19, prices are expected to weigh more heavily on export earnings, which are forecast to decline to $200 billion.

Australia’s resources and energy export volumes are expected to continue to grow at a robust pace over the next two years, driven by LNG and, to a lesser extent, iron ore.

Looking specifically at iron ore, Australia’s iron ore export earnings grew by 31 per cent to $63 billion in 2016–17, but are forecast to fall to $52 billion in 2018–19, as the impact of lower prices more than offsets growth in volumes.

“Steel production cuts in China have placed downward pressure on the price of Australia’s biggest export — iron ore — in the December quarter,” says Mark Cully, Chief Economist, Department of Industry, Innovation and Science.

“Continued moderation in Chinese steel production, coupled with increased supplies from both Australia and Brazil, are expected to weigh further on iron ore prices over the next two years. Coal prices — both thermal and metallurgical — are also forecast to weigh heavily on Australia’s export earnings in the next two years, due to rising global supply and moderating demand.”

Thermal coal

Looking across the board, In 2017–18, Australia’s thermal coal exports are forecast to rise marginally from 2016–17, and see further minor gains to 203 million tonnes in 2018–19.

Metallurgical Coal

Metallurgical coal exports are forecast to be 192 million tonnes, and then rise to 192.5 million tonnes in 2018–19.


The value of Australia’s gold exports is forecast to decrease from $18 billion in 2016–17 to $17 billion in 2017–18 and $16 billion in 2018–19.

Aluminium, alumina and bauxite

The value of Australia’s aluminium exports is forecast to increase by 19 per cent in 2017–18, to $3.8 billion, driven by high prices and stable export volumes.


Copper exports are forecast to rise from 921,000 tonnes in 2016–17 to 994,000 tonnes in 2018–19, supported by new mines and expansion projects over 2018 and 2019.


Nickel export earnings are forecast to fall slightly to $2.1 billion in 2017–18, before rebounding to $2.3 billion in 2018–19.


Rising prices are expected to boost Australia’s export earnings by 11 per cent to $3.0 billion in 2017–18.



Featured Articles

Rio Tinto trials renewable diesel at U.S. operations

Rio Tinto is progressing plans to swap conventional diesel for renewable fuel in haul trucks at its U.S. operations

Kenorland and Targa agree deal for Canada lithium projects

Agreement will see Targa acquire 100% interest and up to 844 mining claims for the Opinaca Lithium Project, and rights to two MEL applications

Mincor raises AU$60 million for development and exploration

Firm to spread capital raising across development of Northern Operations, and for exploration and resource definition drilling at Cassini Operation

Startup Arkon Energy pours $28m into Bitcoin mining

Digital Mining

KSA’s SWCC signs agreements for brine mining projects

Supply Chain & Operations

Glencore to pay over £275mn over Africa mining oil bribes

Supply Chain & Operations